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Tomato Ketchup

Yield: 4 x half-litre jars (US pint)

Course Sauce
Cuisine American
Prep Time 1 hour
Cook Time 2 hours
Total Time 3 hours
Yield 4 half-litre jars (US pint)
Calories 21 kcal

Ingredients

  • 6 kg tomatoes (13 lbs. 6 litres / US quarts puréed finely in food processor. Measurements after prep.)
  • 250 g onion (finely chopped. 1 1/2 cups chopped, 1/2 lb, about 3 medium-sized onions. Measurements after prep.)
  • 2 teaspoons cloves (whole)
  • 10 cm cinnamon (stick)
  • 3/4 teaspoon allspice (whole berries)
  • 1 1/2 tablespoons celery seed
  • 375 ml cider vinegar (5% acidity or higher. 1 1/2 cups / 12 oz)
  • 1/2 teaspoon cayenne pepper
  • 1/2 teaspoon mustard powder (optional)
  • 1 teaspoon garlic powder (optional)
  • 175 g sugar (white. 3/4 cup / 6 oz) OR 1 teaspoon liquid stevia
  • 2 tablespoons pickling salt (OR non-bitter, non-clouding salt substitute)
Metric - US Customary

Instructions

  1. Wash and peel tomatoes; put in a very large pot.
  2. Wash, peel and chop onion; add to pot.
  3. Simmer the tomatoes and onions uncovered until they are reduced to a bit less than 1/2 in volume. (About 20 minutes.) Then press through a sieve or a food mill.
  4. You will end up with tomato sauce equalling about 2 litres / 8 cups / 64 oz. (You may wish to do up till here the day before, then refrigerate overnight, and bring back up to a boil the next day and proceed.)
  5. Tie the cloves, cinnamon, allspice berries and celery seed in a cloth, put in a large measuring jug with the vinegar, nuke in microwave for 4 minutes.
  6. Remove carefully from microwave, watching for liquid surge. Stir, then remove and discard spice bag.
  7. Add vinegar along with cayenne pepper, mustard powder, garlic powder, either sugar OR liquid stevia, and either salt OR salt sub to the tomato sauce. Bring to a boil, lower right away to a simmer, let simmer slowly uncovered until the ketchup reaches the thickness you desire on a spoon. It should be able to form a mound. This could take several hours.
  8. Fill each jar with the ketchup mixture up to 2 cm (1/2 inch) from the top.
  9. Debubble, adjust headspace.
  10. Wipe jar rims.
  11. Put lids on.
  12. Process in a water bath or steam canner.
  13. Process either size jars for 15 minutes; increase time as needed for your altitude.

Recipe Notes

You can use a food processor to finely chop the onion.

Yes, you must peel the tomatoes to reduce the bacterial count for safe canning: most of the bacteria is on the skin.

How long the simmering to thicken it will take varies wildly. The broader the pot, the faster it will reduce.